Below is a sampling of our applied research in public health.
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Adapting Your Environment for Children with Asthma
The following report analyzes answers to pre- and post-tests from care providers regarding asthma knowledge and opinions of asthma. These care providers attended a seminar on asthma sponsored through the American Lung Association with ThinkTV with the purpose of helping care providers better understand the various aspects of dealing with children who have asthma. Seminars were held from July 1, 2014, through June 30, 2015. There were 426 participants who completed the pre- and post-surveys. Not all participants answered every question. Participants were given a pre-test before the seminar and the same assessment as a post-test after the seminar. Therefore, this report details how much the participants learned and benefitted from the seminar and also illustrates any changes in opinions of and attitudes about asthma.
Clark County Community Health Assessment
The 2012 Clark County Community Health Assessment consists of a telephone survey of 1,053 Clark County adults. The primary purpose of the survey of adults is to evaluate the health status of residents, establish public health priorities, and identify baseline measures for establishing public health program outcomes.
The assessment is based upon questions from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey conducted annually by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as well as community health assessments conducted by neighboring communities and priority health needs within the county. The assessment addresses access to and utilization of health care; the prevalence of certain diseases; lifestyle choices; early detection and immunizations; attitudes and behaviors toward health and prevention; and some broader community concerns.
The overall goal of the needs assessment is to perform a community health assessment that will lead to improved quality of public and private health services. In addition, the health assessment can be used for a variety of purposes such as the following:
- To assess the distribution of disease and behavioral risk factors
- To assess broad community health issues and to shape a broader definition of community health.
- To monitor the impact of community health action plans and trends in behavioral risk modifications. The concept behind community health assessments is to repeat them about every five years to determine if actions taken by communities are impacting the behaviors that lead to poor health.
- To provide a vehicle to discuss ways to improve community health. The study can assist stakeholders working collaboratively in the community to address issues that affect health.
Champaign County Youth Risk Factors Survey
In 2012, APRI (formerly CUPA) partnered with the Champaign Health District to conduct a youth health assessment with students in Champaign County schools. The assessment is part of a larger community health assessment which also includes a survey of adults in Champaign County and strategic planning based upon the outcome of the surveys.
Two surveys were developed to assess youth risk behaviors—a middle school instrument and a high school instrument. Survey questions modeled questions from the Search Institute’s Developmental Assets survey, as authorized by the Search Institute, along with selected questions from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YBRS), conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The assessments address risk behaviors and health of Champaign County students in grades 7-12.
The overall goal of the youth health assessment is to assess risk behaviors of Champaign County youth that could be prevented through education and prevention. The assessment is based on a pen and paper survey of 7th–12th graders in Champaign County. As stated previously, the survey contains portions of the YBRS that is conducted annually by each state to assess health behaviors of youth. The middle school survey (54 questions) is similar to the high school survey (93 questions) but contains less detail on certain topics. The survey instruments were approved by the Champaign Health District and the participating school districts prior to implementation.
In 2011, APRI (formerly CUPA) conducted a community health assessment for the Darke County Health Department (DCHD). The survey was based upon the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as well as health assessments conducted by neighboring counties and priority health needs within the county. The purpose of the health needs assessment is to assess the prevalence of disease and behavioral risk factors,assess broad community health issues and shape a broader definition of community health, monitor the impact of community health action plans and trends in behavioral modifications and provide a vehicle to discuss ways to improve community health.